• It is seen by China as vulnerable for its energy security. Geography preparation for UPSC is a tough task as the syllabus is vast. The strategically important Straits of Malacca, Lombok and Sunda fall under the Indian Navy’s primary area of interest, and access to Indonesian naval bases such as Sabang will significantly enhance the Indian Navy’s ability to maintain a forward presence and monitor movements in the Straits of Malacca. The Strait of Malacca is the primary chokepoint in Asia, and in recent years, between 85% and 90% of annual total petroleum flows through this chokepoint were crude oil. A strait is a thin channel of a waterway that connects two large water bodies. Union Public service commission conducts the exam in three stages- Prelims, Mains, and interview. Malacca Strait. This strait connects Pacific ocean at its south-east end to Indian ocean at its north-west end. This list of important straits can be used as notes for UPSC preparation. The waterway separates Iran and Oman, linking the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. Consider the following statements about H5N1 Virus. List of Major Straits (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. Prelims + Mains Guidance Program. The Strait of Malacca is part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast towards the southern tip of India to Mombasa, from there through the Red Sea via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean, there to the Upper Adriatic region to the northern Italian hub of Trieste with its rail connections to Central Europe and the North Sea. Isthmus: A narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land. Geography is an important topic in the IAS exams, that if one prepares for they can score the maximum amount of marks on the topic. narrow passage of water that connects two seas or two other large areas of water. General Studies (GS) paper 3. Stretching about 800km, it is the longest straits in the world and facilitates not just shipping and the movement of people in the surrounding communities but is a confluence of trade, cultures, ideas, and knowledge between the East and West. 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The Strait is 33 km wide at its narrowest point, but the shipping lane … 1. Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 2. Location:  New Zealand (North & South Islands), Join: English Channel & North SeaLocation: England-FranceStrait of Dover or Dover Strait is the narrowest part of the English Channel, Location: Russia (East Russia-Sakhalin Islands), Location: New Zealand (South Island- Stewart Island). IAS aspirants should read more about each strait to be able to answer Geography MCQs for the Civil Services Exam. Appreciating the strategic importance of the Straits of Malacca, China’s energy dependence and the complex nature of the situation is no doubt important fodder for students of International Security. It is the busiest shipping area in the world. Joins: Andaman Sea & South China Sea. Join: The Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic, Join: The Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, Location: Car Nicobar Islands and Little Andaman. What is a Strait : - A narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two other large areas of water . These vessels include bulk carriers, container vessels, ferries, tankers, very large crude carriers (VLCC), barges Some straits are not navigable, for example because they are too … Insights has redefined the way preparation is done in UPSC civil service exam, Nanda Ashirwad Complex, 3rd Floor, OGP InstaClasses- Classroom Program - 2021 (Online) OGP InstaClasses - Classroom Program - 2021 (Offline - Bangalore) Integrated Prelims … The Bohai Sea is a marginal sea which is the north-western extension of the Yellow Sea. Mission UPSC 2022. The strait is a major shipping connection between the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean, and it represents a major link between large Asian countries such as South Korea, China, Taiwan, Japan, and India. Strait of Gibraltar: It is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco and Ceuta (Spain) in Africa. … Furthermore, a large portion of the world’s shipping routes use the Strait of Malacca. Strait of Malacca • It is waterway connecting the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and South China Sea (Pacific Ocean). Strait: A strait is a thin channel of waterways i.e. India, China and the US strive to cultivate relations with Island States in order to get access to logistics facilities. It has a dark upper body, pale under parts, and a long, bushy tail. The Strait of Malacca is a vital global shipping lane. Malacca is a key chokepoint in Asia with a peak flow of 14 million bbl/d (2007). Most Important Straits For UPSC Prelims Exam - 2017 We are Here with the List of Some of the Most important Starits along with their Map Work . In this article, You are going to know the complete list of major straits of the world for UPSC Prelims Examination. The strait is 500 miles (800 km) long and is funnel-shaped, with a width of only 40 miles (65 km) in the south that broadens northward to some 155 miles (250 km) between We Island off Sumatra and the Isthmus of Kra on the mainland. For example, If you purchase the notes with “Download Validity == 2 Years,” on 01/01/2020, then you will be able to download the Static Files + Current Affairs files till 02/01/2022. There are many water bodies in the world. Location: Indonesia –Malaysia. About: Governance: Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory. The narrowest point in Strait of Malacca is the Phillips Channel of the Singapore Strait. Straits serve as a channel through which ocean currents pass, modifying the climate of that area. Sundra Strait: Java and Sumatra: Java Sea with India Ocean: Malacca Strait: Malaya Peninsula and Sumatra: Java Sea with Bay of Bengal: Strait of Jahore: Singapore and Malaysia: South China Sea with strait of Malacca: Strait of Hormuz: UAE and Iran: Persian Gulf with Gulf of Oman. SUGGESTED READING : MALABAR NAVAL EXERCISE 2020 SOURCES: PIB | CORPAT 2020 : Indo-Thai Coordinated Patrol | UPSC Location: It is located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. The connection of these countries has had a major impact on their shipping companies. The project was China’s response to putting an end to the Malacca dilemma by bypassing the Strait of Malacca, a narrow chokepoint between the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian island of Sumatra that divides the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The String of Pearls is a geopolitical theory on potential Chinese intentions in the Indian Ocean region (IOR). The Isthmus of Panama is a narrow strip of land at the southernmost end of Central America. Most commonly it is a channel of water that lies between two land masses. It lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea while linking North and South America. Joins: Andaman Sea & South China Sea. UPSC Civil Services Syllabus. On small islands off Myanmar and in the Strait of Malacca the black giant squirrel has reddish-yellowish underparts. The Bohai Sea is connected to the Yellow Sea via the Bohai Strait. The Phillipse Channel only 1.7 miles wide creating a natural bottleneck, as well as potential for collisions, grounding, or oil spills. Popular Courses. The World Bank estimates over 140,000 ships will seek to transit the Malacca Straits annually by the end of … India has a base called Sabang in Indonesia near Malacca Strait. Above Village Hyper Market, Chandralyout Main Road, • The Strait of Malacca is considered a critical choke point for global commerce. General Studies (GS) Paper 4 (Ethics) ... West of Jakarta (Sunda strait) Malacca strait (north of Sumatra) Celebes … Leave a Comment / Civil Services Exam, IAS Prelims 2021, IAS Prelims Test Series, Test Series, UPSC Prelims 2021, UPSC Prelims 2021 Test Series / By Admin. India’s closeness to USA and Japan naturally displeases China. 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start of Preparation to Results) lasts for close to 2 years. 1) Sumatra and Malaysia , 2) Java and Borneo, 3) Sumatra and Java , 4) Malaysia and Borneo, 5) NULL _ Robert Potter is a Visiting Scholar at Columbia University. 53. The two continents are separated by 14.3 kilometers of the, Due to its location, the Strait is commonly, The Kerch Strait is a strait connecting the. The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean that extends from the Strait of Malacca in the southwest, to the Strait of Taiwan in the northeast. https://unacademy.com/lesson/straits-of-the-world-malacca-strait/J2YTMMIK The English Channel is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates southern England from northern France and links to the southern part of the North Sea by the Strait of Dover at its northeastern end. Strait of Malacca and Sunda Strait on Oceania Map This strait separates Peninsular Malaysia from Sumatra island of Indonesia. CRACK UPSC IN 200 DAYS. Currently, eighty percent of China’s oil has to pass through the Strait of Malacca, a narrow stretch of water between the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. This is also the reason why China is pursuing One Belt One Road (OBOR) project. Today, Insights is synonymous with UPSC civil services exam preparation. THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE SAFE PASSAGE 6 THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE 7 The SOMS are in places narrow and busy, where a large number of vessels transit daily, carrying about one-third of the world’s traded goods. General Studies (GS) Paper 2. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Join: Java Sea & Indian OceanLocation: Indonesia (Bali and Lombok), Join: Bali Sea & Indian Ocean Location: Indonesia (Bali and Java). Guidance. This species is typically distinctly bicoloured. The following are the main characteristics of a strait: Straits of the world are used by commercial shipping to travel from one sea or exclusive economic zone to another and they are of immense strategic and commercial importance. Location: Indonesia –Malaysia. Malacca Straits — the world’s busiest maritime lane, through which an estimated 84,000 ships carrying around 30% of global trade transit each year. Singapore is keen on expanding cooperation with India in the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea, its Defence Minister Dr. Ng Eng Hen said on Wednesday. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Malacca Strait. The littoral countries of the South China Sea are China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. General Studies (GS) Paper 1. • It is critical for the transportation of natural gas and oil. China knows very well that if Malacca Strait is chocked, they will suffer economic disaster. The Strait of Malacca and the Indonesian archipelago Most of China’s imports derive from the Middle East and Angola. They want alternate trade routes. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. 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