romans chapter 9 summary . Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. “Paul tells us that no one is truly Israel unless he is governed by God. Chapter 11 Israel’s future, one day all Israel will be saved, restored, reunited in the people of God. Now, in Romans 9 through 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. “Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, No; God has not failed His children of promise. Paul begins by warning of the consequences of unbelief in chapter 1; warning that all men are guilty under the Law (Ch.3:23), and so needing redemption through faith in Christ. a. Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness: By all appearances the Gentiles found righteousness even though it did not seem that they really looked for it. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. “It is not easy to estimate the measure of love in a Moses and a Paul. For our limited reason does not grasp it, as the child cannot comprehend the courage of warriors!” (Bengel). Paul says he himself is willing to be separated from Jesus if that could somehow accomplish the salvation of Israel. One was the heir of God’s covenant of salvation, and one was not. In that regard, God’s preference could rightly be regarded as a display of love towards Jacob and hate towards Esau. 1. Very, very sad. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. New International Version. (32-33) Paul emphasizes the reason why Israel seems cast off from God’s goodness and righteousness: For they stumbled at that stumbling stone, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . i. (14-24) This sovereignty is in God's dealing both with Jews and Gentiles. i. He has a plan and a reason. 1. Certainly not! Why did the unlikely Gentiles find righteousness, when the likely Jews did not? We have a parallel situation with the word ‘Christian.’ Not everyone who is called a Christian is truly a follower of Christ.” (Smith). If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. (25-26) The prophet Hosea (in Hosea 2:23 and 1:10) declares God’s right to choose, calling those who previously were not called His people. Paul is not here proceeding to a new and unrelated subject. Indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. b. OVERVIEW OF ROMANS 9-11 – ISRAEL’S PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE. If God says He chooses, and if God also says that we are responsible before Him, who are we to question Him? If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. These three chapters are part of the way he makes plain how God in fact saves people.” (Morris). i. b. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to … We would have become like Sodom: Sodom and Gomorrah were completely destroyed in judgment. a. There they shall be called sons of the living God.”. (30-31) Analyzing the present situation of Israel and the Gentiles according to a human perspective. 2. Calvinists use it as a proof text for the idea that God unconditionally predestined some to salvation and some also use it to suggest that the unelect are predestined to damnation. Romans 9:6 "Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they [are] not all Israel, … (14-16) Does God’s choice of one over another make God unrighteous? God clearly explains His right to give mercy to whomever He pleases in Exodus 33:19. b. I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy: Remember what mercy is. Indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Paul’s desire to visit Rome. Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor? For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh, who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. What does this say about God? b. Sorrow and continual grief: Paul feels this because he considers a people who seem to be separated from God’s love – unbelieving Israel, who rejected God’s Messiah. For example, Ishmael was just as much a son of Abraham as Isaac was; but Ishmael was a son according to the flesh, and Isaac was a son according to the promise (At this time I will come and Sarah will have a son). Romans 9—Children of the Promise through Faith in Christ Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. What shall we say then? 3. (25-29) The falling short of the Jews is owing to their seeking justification, not by faith, but by the … a. d. Of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came: Paul also considers the human legacy of being God’s chosen people. There are a lot of passages in Scripture that people intentionally avoid. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. We should not think that Paul merely uses a dramatic metaphor here. To make a full stop after flesh and start a new sentence for the doxology is very abrupt and awkward.”, But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. As we study Romans 9-11, I think it is important to understand God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility in salvation and in all of life because we’re trying to understand, as best we can as finite beings, the nature of God and the nature of man (us). The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Chapter 10 Israel’s present, rejection of Messiah that results in God setting aside His people, the Jews. a. ii. What does this say about God? 1. Romans 12 encourages us to be living sacrifices in view of the mercy we have received in Christ Jesus. ii. They harassed and persecuted him from town to town, stirring up lies and violence against him. Of course Paul also shows the heart of Jesus, who was cursed on behalf of others that they might be saved (Galatians 3:13). iv. i. Paul shows that merely being the descendant of Abraham saves no one. For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. This chapter is so troublesome to some Bible teachers that they would prefer it not to be in Scripture. "to the Jew first, and also to the Greek." Morris cites examples where hate clearly seems to mean something like “loved less” (Genesis 29:31, 33; Deuteronomy 21:15; Matthew 6:24; Luke 14:26; John 12:25). Paul’s Anguish Over Israel. The Gentiles who were saved came to God through faith, receiving His righteousness. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil: Paul points out that God’s choice was not based on the performance of Jacob or Esau. In Romans 9–11, Paul dealt with Israel’s election, rejection of the gospel, and eventual salvation. He had in the beginning of this letter ( Romans 1:16 Romans 1:17) shown that the gospel was God's power of salvation . We are in a dangerous place when we regard God’s mercy towards us as our right. Romans 9:27-29. Yet now, if You will forgive their sin; but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written.”. . See, Paul is a Jew who believes in Jesus, but, unfortunately, not all Jews are like him. Click on the different category headings to find out more. God assures them that this is not the case. Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Romans and some shout-outs to his friends in Rome. And we would have been made like Gomorrah.”. My trouble is to understand how God could love Jacob.’” (Newell). b. b. What does it mean that Israel has missed its Messiah? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. Why? (10-13) Another example of the fact that promise is more important than natural relation: Jacob and Esau. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. ‘You are not My people,’ All Rights Reserved. For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, Vessels of wrath prepared for destruction. What shall we say then? We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. It the longest and the most famous of all the Apostle’s writings to Christians at Rome whom he hoped soon to visit. Your email address will not be published. In hardening the heart of Pharaoh, God simply allowed Pharaoh’s heart to pursue its natural inclination. Paul is sad. c. The children of the promise are counted as the seed: God’s word didn’t fail, because God still reaches His children of the promise, which may or may not be the same as physical Israel. Romans 12:9-16. “If God cannot bring his ancient people into salvation, how do Christians know that he can save them? Introduction and Timeline Having expounded many of the central, saving doctrines of the gospel (see Romans 1–8), Paul then focused on the application of the gospel in Church and civic life (see Romans 9–16). Wrong. iii. He will always preserve His remnant. c. Attained to righteousness… not attained: What was the difference? What does it mean that Israel has missed its Messiah? Because the Gentiles pursued the righteousness of faith, and the Jews pursued the law of righteousness. Because they did not seek it by faith: We might expect Paul to answer the question “Why?” again from God’s perspective, and simply throw the matter back on God’s sovereign choice. For who has resisted His will?” But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? No, God did not make a mistake. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. 7. 1. Instead, he places the responsibility with Israel: Because they did not seek it by faith… they stumbled at that stumbling stone. Even in the midst of judgment, God showed His mercy to Judah. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Romans 12:1-2 “I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies … 5. If God chooses to glorify Himself through letting people go their own way and letting them righteously receive His wrath so as to make His power known, who can oppose Him? a. I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart: In Romans 8 Paul left us at the summit of glory, assuring us that nothing can separate us from the loved of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. He also spells out how an individual may come into a right relationship with God: "if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved; for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation." Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. b. To make a full stop after. We are in a dangerous place when we regard God’s mercy towards us as our, So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy, For this very purpose I have raised you up, Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. a. Romans Summary: Romans is a book of Doctrine, Christian living and Justification by Faith alone (Chaps.3, 4). The choice was made before they were born. So why has Paul now become so somber in his tone? Online Islamic Studies and Practicality. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone: Paul shows that Israel is responsible for their present condition. Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens: Sometimes God will glorify Himself through showing mercy; sometimes God will glorify Himself through a man’s hardness. God told the prophet Hosea to name one of his children Lo-Ammi, meaning “Not My People.” Yet God also promised that this judgment would not last forever. The suffering of God’s people at the hands of the Assyrians and others would make them feel as if they would certainly be destroyed. a. (19-21) Does God’s right to choose relieve man of responsibility? Romans 9:1-5. i. This is the natural and obvious way of punctuating the sentence. Yet he agrees with Calvin’s idea that the real thought here is much more like “accepted” and “rejected” more than our understanding of the terms “loved” and “hated.”. We should not think that God persuaded an unwilling, kind-hearted Pharaoh to be hard towards God and Israel. 9 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. It was only by the mercy of God that they survived at all. The new section is introduced without connection with the foregoing, but in a fervent outburst of Israelitish patriotism, the more sorrowful by contrast with the blessedness of the Christian previously extolled and so deeply experienced by the apostle himself. Those who prefer a punctuation that says otherwise impose their preconceived views on the text. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. For who has resisted His will?” Paul imagines someone asking, “If it is all a matter of God’s choice, then how can God find fault with me? Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Our father Isaac: God’s choice between Ishmael and Isaac seems somewhat logical to us. “It was stupid to think that, since the whole nation had not entered the blessing, the promise of God had failed. c. He hardens: We know that Pharaoh did harden his own heart, according to Exodus 7:13, 7:22, 8:15, 8:19, 8:32, 9:7, and 9:34. i. Jesus spoke of this right of God in the parable of the landowner in Matthew 20:1-16. ii. He didn’t fulfill His promise for them because they missed their Messiah and now seem cursed. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated, v. Our greatest error in considering the choices of God is to think that God chooses for arbitrary reasons, as if He chooses in an “eeny-meeny-miny-moe” way. (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. romans chapter 9 summary Kuliah Umum December 30, 2020 | 0 December 30, 2020 | 0 You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. c. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit: Paul uses every possible assurance to declare his great sorrow over Israel. How can anyone go against God’s choice?”. In chapters nine through eleven, Paul explains that God has not rejected His people. 1 I speak the truth in Christ--I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit-- 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. i. Summary of Romans 9, 10 and 11: The apostle Paul is not sorrowful because the Word of God is being nullified by Jewish unbelief (for in fact the Scripture is being fulfilled by their unbelief, as God is revealing His elective purposes in the salvation of the Gentiles and the stumbling of the Jews), but he is sorrowful for the Jewish people themselves, the seed of Abraham, because they are lost, and he … We do this through renewing our minds to the truth of God’s word, serving and blessing the body of Christ through our gifts and above all by loving and being devoted to one another. . ii. Has he contradicted everything he has previously said, which emphasized God’s sovereign plan? Instead, the reason for choosing was found in Him who calls. i. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. It’s a lot harder to understand why God chose Jacob to be the heir of God’s covenant of salvation instead of Esau. You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? Romans chapter 9. Does not the potter have power over the clay. We should regard the love and the hate as regarding His purpose in choosing one to become the heir of the covenant of Abraham. b. c. That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls: So we do not think that God chose Jacob over Esau because He knew their works in advance, Paul points out that it was not of works. Romans 9:6 Now the Lord introduces us to the mystery of the “remnant.” Without some understanding of this very deep and profound mystery it would be impossible for us to make sense of God’s dealing with Israel and even with the church for that matter. Those vessels do an adequate job on their own. “The Jews were inclined to think that God could not make them anything other than vessels of honor. And her beloved, who was not beloved.” This is a summary of the ninth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, But Israel… has not attained to the law of righteousness. All in all, we see that Esau was a blessed man (Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis 36). You can check these in your browser security settings. What does it say about our present position in God? You will be delivered from petty worries (I need not further describe them) if you are concerned about the souls of men… Get your soul full of a great grief, and your little griefs will be driven out.” (Spurgeon), b. I could wish that I myself were accursed: Paul reflects the same heart Moses had in Exodus 32:31-32: Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! Paul’s audience=Roman church =Jews and Gentiles, he speaks to both. i. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. The glory speaks of God’s Shekinah glory, the visible “cloud of glory” showing God’s presence among His people. Is there unrighteousness with God? For they are not all Israel who are of Israel, nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, “In Isaac your seed shall be called.” That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. b. (6-9) Has God failed with His plan regarding Israel? Lesser things did not trouble him because he was troubled by a great thing – the souls of men. This puts Paul in a real pickle. Now, in Romans 9 through Romans 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. Therefore, if God declares that we have an eternal responsibility before Him, then it is so. Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. No; instead, they are not all governed by Godwho are of Israel. You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? 9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. “A woman once said to Mr. Spurgeon, ‘I cannot understand why God should say that He hated Esau.’ ‘That,’ Spurgeon replied, ‘is not my difficulty, madam. c. The adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the services of God, and the promises: The pain Paul feels for his lost brethren is all the more severe when he considers how God has blessed them with all the privileges of being His own special people. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. “I will call them My people, who were not My people, Usually it is because they have an idea about what it says, and they don’t like that idea. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. This great passion for souls gave Paul perspective. I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, ii. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to … What does it say about Israel? CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: Greetings. Will God also reject and curse me one day? This is something that really bothered Paul and was on his heart. Paul rejects this view and points out that God does what he wills.” (Morris). God hated Esau in regard to inheriting the covenant, not in regard to blessing in this life or the next. To understand the reasoning of this chapter, the reader must keep in mind the aim of the apostle. a. 2. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith; but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. b. ii. And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, We might not understand it as easily, but God’s choice is just as valid. God has always dealt with a remnant. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Rom 9:1-3 Paul expresses his great sorrow for the unbelief and obstinacy of the Jews. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel: One meaning of the name Israel is “governed by God.” Paul says here that not all Israel is really “governed by God.” Did God’s word fail? For this very purpose I have raised you up: God allowed Pharaoh in the days of Moses to rise to power so that God could show the strength of His judgment against Pharaoh, and thereby glorify Himself. And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls), it was said to her, “The older shall serve the younger.” As it is written, “Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”. Is there unrighteousness with God? a. I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren: This is a dramatic declaration of Paul’s great love and sorrow for his brethren. But Israel… has not attained to the law of righteousness: By all appearances Israel seemed to work for the righteousness of God with everything it had, but did not find it. How do I know that He will come through for me?” Paul answers the question by asserting that it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. a. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. b. a. Amen. We may not be able to fathom God’s reasons for choosing, and they are reasons He alone knows and answers to, but God’s choices are. (22-24) Doesn’t God have the right to glorify Himself as He sees fit? Israel not only gave us the great fathers of the Old Testament, but Jesus Himself came from Israel. Now, in Romans 9 through 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. Epistle to the Romans Chapter 9 So, everything is good and happy now, right? We should remember that when it came to ministry, the Jews were Paul’s worst enemies. i. Paul has already shown in Romans that the only possible way to be saved is through faith, not the works of the law; and that this salvation comes only through the work of a crucified Savior – which was a stumbling block to Israel (1 Corinthians 1:22-23). i. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone. What if God: Again, the same principle from God’s dealing with Pharaoh is repeated. c. Does not the potter have power over the clay: Does not God have the same right that any Creator has over his creation? But “He does not so much as bother to indicate that Pharaoh hardened his own heart, an evidence of unbelief and rebellion, because he is emphasizing the freedom of God’s action in all cases.” (Harrison). a. The remnant will be saved: The passage quoted from Isaiah 10:23 speaks first to God’s work in saving a remnant from the coming Assyrian destruction. Paul replies by showing how disrespectful such a question is. d. The older shall serve the younger: God announced these intentions to Rebecca before the children were born, and He repeated His verdict long after Jacob and Esau had both passed from the earth (Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated). No one is ever unfair for not giving mercy. Romans 9:1-3.] You are not My people: These passages from Hosea 2:23 and 1:10 show the mercy of God. The merciful promise is clear: “But if only a remnant will survive, at least a remnant will survive, and constitute the hope of restoration.” (Bruce). If God is obliged to show mercy, then it is not mercy – it is obligation. For example, Ishmael was just as much a son of Abraham as Isaac was; but Ishmael was a son according to the flesh, and Isaac was a son according to the promise (, At this time I will come and Sarah will have a son. The remnant will be saved. Sodom and Gomorrah were both totally destroyed, with not even a very small remnant to carry on. “The grammatical arguments almost all favor the first position [that it says that Christ is God], but most recent scholars accept the second [that God here refers to the Father] on the grounds that Paul nowhere else says explicitly that Christ is God.” (Morris), i. Wuest, quoting Robertson: “[This is a] clear statement of the deity of Christ following the remark about His humanity. He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy: As well, if God desires to be more than fair with others, showing them His mercy, who can oppose Him? Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. What does it say about Israel? God is never less than fair with anyone, but fully reserves the right to be more than fair with individuals as He chooses. It not to be separated from Jesus if that could somehow accomplish the salvation of Israel Paul. 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